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Kalamegha(Andrographis paniculate Linn.)-Properties and health benefitd of bhunimbha

Kalamegha(Andrographis paniculate Linn.)-Properties and health benefitd of bhunimbha

Views: 23 | Updated On: | By Dr. Rachana Jangir

Botanical name-Andrographis paniculate linn.


English name-creat,green chirayita.

Sankrit name-bhunimbha,yavtikta

Botanical description-it is a small hurb(1.5-3 feet),

Stem-quandraugular, hairy and green in colour.

Flowers-small,whitish, light violet colour

Fruit-look like yava.

Seed- quandraugular

Habitat-it found in all over india but mainly found in water zone area.

Chemical composition-andrographolide, neoandrographloide, andrographine, panicoline, paniculide-A, paniculide-B, paniculide-C.

Properties- GUNA-laghu,ruksha,tikshna(light,dry and sharpe in nature)

RASA- tikta(bitter in taste)

VEERYA – ushna(hot)

DOSHA-kaphapittahara(pacify kapha and pitta)


Prbhav(effect)- Javarghana(useful in fever)

भूनिम्बो वातलस्तिक्तः कफपित्तज्वरापहः | (राजनिघण्टु)

pharmacological action- antihepatotoxic, hepatoproyative, antimalarialcholinergic, cardiovasular, antipyretic,antiinflammatory,anti-typhoid, antiallergic, antimicrobial,anti-HIV etc.

Uses of bhunimbha(kalamegha) – • Jvaraghna-useful in fever.

• Prvahika-useful in diarrhoea(kalmegha arka/powder)

• Yakritvaridhi- useful in enlargement of is also liver stimulant.

• Ajirna-imrove the appetite and digestion

• Krimighana-useful in worm infestation

• Svedajanana-stimulates sweating,useful in fever

• Kusthaghana-useful in skin disorder.

Formulation of kalmegha-kalpananath vati, sudarshna churna, kalmeghaghanavati.

Useful part- whole palnt and root.

Dose- Juice-5 to 10 ml

Powder- 1 to 3g

Decoction-20-30 ml

SUBSTITUTES AND ADULTERANTS- Andrographis paniculata Nees is used as a substitute of Kiratatikta (Swertia chirata Buch.-Ham.) Andrographis echioides (Linn.) Nees is used as an adulterant or substitute for Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata Nees).

PROPAGATION AND CULTIVATION-It prefers sunny situations. The seeds are sown in May-June. The seedlings are transplanted at a distance of 60 x 30 cm. 2 or 3 irrigations are given during dry period Flowering occurs during August-November, followed by fruiting. The crop is harvested during February-March by uprooting the whole plant. The plants are dried in shade

(Reference-database on medicinal plants used in ayurveda)

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